Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its location ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and north to the Arctic Ocean. It takes up nearly half the North American region as it is the 2nd biggest nation after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.

Prehistory.

It is stated that the territory was first ruled by the Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is evidence that the first people who first arrived at Canada, did so by crossing a land bridge which had created in between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age about 40,000 years ago (More on: canada visa application online ).

First colonizers.

History shows that the very first European contact the nation got was performed thanks to the exploration created by the Italian John Cabot, who was cruising following the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian coastline and claimed it for the King. This journey, along with subsequent one in 1498, gave England the right to locate a great number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they subsequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and neighboring areas in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to have a trip trying to find the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to uncover riches like those they had seen in Inca and Aztec place, in other words, these people were focused on seeking gold above all else, however Cartier just seen “stones and some awful and sharp rocks” according to what exactly he stated in his diary.

Source:eTA Canada

British colonizers.

Cartier carried on exploring and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose property he acquired for France. French people loved their high-class monopoly for several decades, but in 1670 British appeared with the aim of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, which led to a legal discussion among those who had on their side the negotiations on land control. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the Government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that divided the place into two British colonies known as Upper Canada (currently the southern area of Ontario) and Lower Canada (currently southern Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, but both provinces were ruled with the British penal code. Each and every colony had its assigned leader and was able to choose its cabinet or executive authorities.

Canada conformation.

Issues increased considering that the authorities and its council were English however led a generally French assembly, which created political tension and also rebellions. The suggestions of union soon appeared nonetheless it was not till 1840 that they were raised as legislation. The two colonies quickly joined in the province of Canada, governed by the new Parliament of Canada as the only legal body.
Last but not least, it acquired its self-government in 1867 as well as its autonomy in 1931, carrying on to be a Commonwealth empire. And, Newfoundland, that was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.

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